Microstructure evolution in the conventional single side and bobbin tool friction stir welding of thick rolled 7085-T7452 aluminum alloy

W. F. Xu, Y. X. Luo, Mingwang Fu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


The microstructure evolution during the conventional single side friction stir welding (SS-FSW) and the bobbin tool FSW (BB-FSW) of 7085-T7452 alloy thick plate was extensively studied by using the state-of-the-art materials characterization techniques. The Electron backscattering diffraction results reveal that a significant grain refinement and a larger percentage of high angle grain boundaries (HAGBs) exist in the weld nugget zone (WNZ) and the thermal-mechanical affected zone (TMAZ) compared with the base material. Meanwhile, more obviously inhomogeneous refined grains and HAGBs in WNZ along the thickness direction and a larger percentage of low angle grain boundaries (LAGBs) were observed in SS-FSW joint than that in BB-FSW joint. The change of the average grain size is the result of friction heat and strain rate of plastic deformation combined with a certain degree of recrystallization. Moreover, the recrystallization is mainly controlled by the strain rate during the FSW process. The presence of Cube and Cube ND after welding shows that the discontinuously dynamic recrystallization (DDRX) is a major factor in the final microstructural response. The research and findings help the understanding of the mechanism of microstructure homogenization and further optimizing the welding process for application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Characterization
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Aluminum alloy
  • Electron backscattering diffraction
  • Friction stir welding
  • Microstructure
  • Single side and bobbin tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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