Microstructure-based experimental and numerical investigations on the sound absorption property of open-cell metallic foams manufactured by a template replication technique

Wei Zhai, Xiang Yu, Xu Song, Linus Yinn Leng Ang, Fangsen Cui, Heow Pueh Lee, Tao Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigates the acoustic absorption property of nickel-based superalloy open-cell foams manufactured by a newly developed template replication process. Inconel 625 open cell foams with controllable porosities (92%–98%) and cell sizes (300 μm–900 μm) have been successfully produced and tested for their sound absorption performance. It is evident that foam samples with the smallest cell size among them exhibit the best acoustic absorption performance, with sound absorption coefficient > 0.9 at frequencies > 1500 Hz for 50 mm thick sample. In the numerical simulation, the classical Delany­Bazley model is employed to predict the acoustic absorption property across a broad frequency range, and it requires knowledge of foam's static air flow resistivity, which, as proposed in this work, can be analytically expressed as a function of foam's microstructure parameters. A good agreement between such microstructure-based numerical model and experimental results was obtained. The proposed model can be utilized as a material design tool to guide the production of foam with optimal microstructure for sound absorption through the controllable template replication process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-116
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Airflow resistivity
  • Metallic foam
  • Microstructure
  • Sound absorption
  • Template replication method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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