Microstructure and phase evolution in laser cladding of Ni/Cu/Al multilayer on magnesium substrates

Tai Man Yue, T. Li, X. Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


A multilayer coating of Ni/Cu/Al was fabricated on magnesium substrates using laser cladding. The solidification behavior and the phase evolution of the compositionally graded coating were studied. The results of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis together with the metallographic study showed that a series of phase evolutions had occurred along the gradient (Mg) → (Mg) + Al12Mg17→ (Mg) + Q + λ2→ λ1→ λ1+ γ1→ γ1+ (Cu) + λ1→ (Cu) + λ1→ (Cu) → (CuNi) → (Ni). The rapid solidification condition had suppressed the invariant reactions that existed in the ternary Mg-Al-Cu alloy system. As a result, many of the predicted Al-rich brittle intermetallic compounds, which are detrimental to the performance of the coating, were not produced. The solidification path during the laser cladding of the Al and Cu layers was determined and the various phases, as predicted by the corresponding phase diagram, agreed well with the experimental results. Finally, the primary arm spacing (PAS) and the solidification morphology of the dendrites in the Cu and Ni layers were analyzed in relation to the solidification conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-223
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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