Microstructure and mechanical properties of SiC Whisker reinforced ZrO2–Y2O3composites

F. Ye, T. C. Lei, Y. Zhou, Jiyan Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanical properties of 20 vol.-%SiC whisker reinforced ZrO2−V2O3composites containing 2 and 6 mol.-% Y2O3were measured at room temperature and the fracture surface was examined. The results indicate that the mechanical behaviour of the composites is strongly influenced by the Y2O3content. The magnitude of the enhancement of the toughness in composites containing 2 mol.-% Y2O3compared with unreinforced ZrO2−Y2O3matrix is larger than that for the composites containing 6 mol.-% Y2O3. Crack propagation modes were characterised by crack deflection, whisker bridging, and whisker pullout. High resolution electron microscopic observations show that in composites containing 2 mol.-% Y2O3the whiskers are directly bonded to the matrix. However, in composites containing 6 mol.-% Y2O3there is always a thick amorphous layer at the interface, indicating that the high Y2O3content has promoted the formation of interfacial amorphous layers. These interfacial amorphous layers strengthen the interfacial bonding, resulting in a composite with a low fracture toughness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-532
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Science and Technology (United Kingdom)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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