Lead-free ceramics (K0.5Na0.5)1-3xLaxNbO3(0 ≤ x ≤ 0.0175) have been fabricated by a conventional sintering technique. The results of XRD show that the ceramics possess a perovskite structure with orthorhombic symmetry. Moreover, doping inhibits the grain growth, decreases the ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition temperature and induces a diffuse phase transition. At low doping levels (x ≤ 0.0075), the observed remanent polarization (Pr) and coercive field (Ec) remain almost unchanged. As x increases from 0.0075 to 0.0175, Prstarts to decrease while Ecincreases. Nevertheless, due to the increase in relative permittivity, the ceramic with x = 0.0125 exhibits the optimum piezoelectric properties, giving a large piezoelectric coefficient (d33= 135 pC N-1) and a high planar electromechanical coupling coefficient (kP= 0.40).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films