Microstructural characterization of oxide film formed on NiTi by anodization in acetic acid

F. T. Cheng, P. Shi, G. K.H. Pang, M. H. Wong, Hau Chung Man

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


NiTi was galvanostatically anodized in acetic acid aiming at forming an anodic film for improving corrosion resistance. While the corrosion behavior of anodized NiTi in Hanks' solution was reported elsewhere [P. Shi, F.T. Cheng, H.C. Man, Mater. Lett., submitted for publication], the present work reports the microstructural characterization of the anodic film formed. Bright-field image of the sample cross-section captured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed an oxide film of about 20 nm thick, which was smooth and free of defects. The surface roughness Raof the film, determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM), was about 1.45 nm. Analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) along the depth of the anodic film indicated that the oxidation state of Ti varied from +4 (corresponding to TiO2) at the surface to lower oxidation states (corresponding to Ti suboxides) beneath. A small amount of Ni in the metallic and oxidized states was also present. The Ni/Ti atomic ratio was about 0.04 at the surface of the anodic film, which was much lower than the corresponding value of 0.30 for the mechanically polished samples. Selected-area diffraction (SAD) patterns and high-resolution TEM image of the anodic film showed that the film was amorphous.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-242
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2007


  • Anodization
  • NiTi
  • TEM
  • Titanium oxide
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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