Microscopic decision model for pedestrian route choice at signalized crosswalks

Siqi Xie, Sze Chun Wong, Hing Keung William Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


ÂIn this paper, two-tier mathematical models were developed to simulate the microscopic pedestrian decision-making process of route choice at signalized crosswalks. In the first tier, a discrete choice model was proposed to predict the choices of walking direction. In the second tier, an exponential model was calibrated to determine the step size in the chosen direction. First, a utility function was defined in the first-tier model to describe the change of utility in response to deviation from a pedestrian's target direction and the conflicting effects of neighboring pedestrians. A mixed logit model was adopted to estimate the effects of the explanatory variables on the pedestrians' decisions. Compared with the standard multinomial logit model, it was shown that the mixed logit model could accommodate the heterogeneity. The repeated observations for each pedestrian were grouped as panel data to ensure that the parameters remained constant for individual pedestrians but varied among the pedestrians. The mixed logit model with panel data was found to effectively address inter-pedestrian heterogeneity and resulted in a better fit than the standard multinomial logit model. Second, an exponential model in the second tier was proposed to further determine the step size of individual pedestrians in the chosen direction; it indicates the change in walking speed in response to the presence of other pedestrians. Finally, validation was conducted on an independent set of observation data in Hong Kong. The pedestrians' routes and destinations were predicted with the two-tier models. Compared with the tracked trajectories, the average error between the predicted destinations and the observed destinations was within an acceptable margin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181-1192
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • bidirectional pedestrian movements
  • discrete choice model
  • panel data
  • pedestrian decision model
  • pedestrian route choice
  • random-parameter model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management


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