Micromechanical properties of carbon nitride films deposited by radio-frequency-assisted filtered cathodic vacuum arc

Y. H. Cheng, B. K. Tay, Shu Ping Lau, X. L. Qiao, J. G. Chen, Z. H. Sun, C. S. Xie

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Super-hard and elastic carbon nitride films have been synthesized by using an off-plane double-bend filtered cathodic vacuum arc combined with a radio-frequency nitrogen-ion beam source. A nanoindenter was used to determine the micromechanical properties of the deposited films. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to study the composition and bonding structure of the deposited films. The influence of nitrogen ion energy on the structure and micromechanical properties of the deposited films was systematically studied. As the nitrogen ion energy is increased, the microhardness, Young's modulus and elastic recovery also increase, reaching a maximum of 47 GPa, 400 GPa, and 87.5%, respectively, at a nitrogen ion energy of 100 eV. Further increase in nitrogen ion energy results in a decrease in microhardness, Young's modulus and elastic recovery of the deposited films. The formation of five-membered rings, as indicated by XPS, which causes bending of the basal planes and forms a three-dimensional rigid covalent bond network, contributes to the super-hardness, Young's modulus and high elastic recovery of the films deposited at a nitrogen ion energy of 100 eV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-380
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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