Micro-mechanical analysis of caisson foundation in sand using DEM: Particle shape effect

Zhen Yu YIN, Pei WANG

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The caisson foundation has been extensively studied with experimental, analytical and numerical methods. However, the effect of particle shape on the caisson foundation is somehow ignored. In this paper, the caisson foundation is analyzed with DEM and the effect of particle shape is discussed in detail by introducing spherical and tetrahedral particles without rolling resistance, and spherical particle with rolling resistance. Firstly, a series of biaxial tests are simulated on samples with different particle shapes to obtain the soil properties, and typical shear behaviors are observed in all simulations. Then the effect of particle shape on the macro- and microscopic behaviors of caisson foundation is then investigated with different loading conditions. The results show that when subjected to external loading, compared with spherical particles, caisson foundation with angular particles or spherical particles with rolling resistance (1) has increased horizontal and rotational bearing capacities; (2) has much smaller particle rotation due to the strong interlocking capacity between particles; (3) exhibits higher stress concentration and magnitude of force chains; and (4) experiences significant increase on the magnitude of the anisotropy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102630
JournalApplied Ocean Research
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Caisson foundation
  • Discrete element method
  • Granular soils
  • Micromechanics
  • Microstructure
  • Particle shape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Micro-mechanical analysis of caisson foundation in sand using DEM: Particle shape effect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this