Metal-Organic-Framework-Derived N-, P-, and O-Codoped Nickel/Carbon Composites Homogeneously Decorated on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Energy Storage

Xiaoyan Shi, Jinchao Yu, Qiunan Liu, Lianyi Shao, Yongqi Zhang, Zhipeng Sun, Haitao Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a type of high-performance electrode material of Ni/C/rGO-n [n = wt % of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)] derived from nickel-based metal-organic framework (Ni-MOF) for supercapacitors is successfully prepared. First, a hydrogen-bonding-assisted approach to continuous growth of Ni-MOFs on graphene oxide (GO) sheets is developed through the application of a hexadentate ligand, hexakis(4-carboxylphenoxy)cyclotriphosphazene (CTP-COOH), as the anchor with multiple biting points. The thicknesses of the obtained layer cakelike Ni-MOF/GO-n (n: wt % GO) nanosheet composites with GO as the filling content can be controlled by tuning the ratio between GO and Ni-MOF. During the subsequent process of thermolysis treatment of Ni-MOF/GO-n composites, GO acts as a "hard"template and thus the decomposition of loaded metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) affords highly porous metal/C composites homogeneously embedded on the rGO matrix. This highly porous structure enhances the stability of Ni/C composites profoundly. Besides, both the rGO matrix and porous metal/C composites can provide an expressway for electron transport and shorten ion diffusion paths for greatly enhanced diffusion kinetics within the electrode materials, therefore leading to a superior rate capability. Moreover, application of the hexadentate ligand CTP-COOH with a six-membered ring backbone, which consisted of N and P atoms linked together alternatively, enables self-doping of N, O, and P to the derived materials. It is proven that the electrochemical performances, especially the stability, are remarkably enhanced for the derived Ni/C/rGO-n composites compared with the bare Ni-MOF-derived Ni/C composites. More importantly, this work pioneeringly demonstrates the potential application of MOF derivatives in energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5625-5636
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2020


  • high energy density
  • homogeneously decorated reduced graphene oxide
  • hybrid supercapacitor
  • multiple heteroatoms doped
  • nickel-based metal-organic frameworks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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