Mediating Effect of Social Participation on the Relationship between Incontinence and Depressive Symptoms in Older Chinese Women

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Urinary and fecal incontinence affect older women's social participation and mental health. This study examined the relationship between incontinence severity and depressive symptoms, focusing on the mediating effect of social participation, based on secondary analysis of structured interview data collected in December 2010 from 467 women age 60 and over in mainland China. Incontinence was significantly and positively associated with depressive symptoms but negatively associated with social participation. Social participation was significantly and negatively associated with depressive symptoms and fully mediated the relationship between incontinence and depressive symptoms. These findings can inform mental health interventions for incontinent older women, including preventing and responding to depressive symptoms by promoting social participation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e94-e101
JournalHealth and Social Work
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017


  • Chinese people
  • depressive symptoms
  • incontinence
  • older adults
  • social participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

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