Mechanistic insight into the interactions of EDDS with copper in the rhizosphere of polluted soils

Yan ping Zhao, Jin li Cui, Ting shan Chan, Ya hua Chen, Xiang dong Li

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The biodegradable S,S-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS) is a promising chelant for chelant-assisted phytoextraction of trace metals in polluted soil. The interactions between EDDS and trace metals/major elements in the soil affect the metal bioavailability and their subsequent phytoextraction efficiency. This study aimed to investigate the macroscopic and molecular-level interactions of EDDS with Cu in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere of a Cu-polluted agricultural soil. A multi-interlayer rhizobox planted with ryegrass was used to simulate the transport of EDDS and Cu from the non-rhizosphere to rhizosphere soils. The results showed that EDDS (5 mM kg−1) significantly dissociated Cu (285–690 fold), Fe (by 3.47–60.2 fold), and Al (2.43–5.31 fold) from the soil in comparison with a control group. A combination of micro-X-ray fluorescence, X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy, and sequential extraction analysis revealed that EDDS primarily chelated the adsorbed fraction of Cu by facilitating the dissolution of goethite. Moreover, as facilitated by ryegrass transpiration, CuEDDS was moved from the non-rhizosphere to rhizosphere and accumulated in ryegrass. In situ processes of Cu extraction and transport by EDDS in the rhizosphere were further elucidated with chemical speciation analysis and geochemical modeling methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115453
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Cu-contaminated soil
  • MINTEQ modeling
  • Rhizosphere
  • Soil organic matter (SOM)
  • μ-XRF and μ-XANES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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