Mechanism-Based Inactivation of Cytochrome P450 3A4 and 3A5 by the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor Erdafitinib

Lloyd Wei Tat Tang, Jian Wei Teng, Siew Kwan Koh, Lei Zhou, Mei Lin Go, Eric Chun Yong Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Erdafitinib (ERD) is a first-in-class pan inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1-4 that has garnered global regulatory approval for the treatment of advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Although it has been previously reported that ERD elicits time-dependent inhibition (TDI) of cytochrome P450 (P450) 3A4 (CYP3A4), the exact biochemical nature underpinning this observation remains obfuscated. Moreover, it is also uninterrogated if CYP3A5 - its highly homologous counterpart - could be susceptible to such interactions. Mechanism-based inactivation (MBI) of P450 is a unique subset of TDI that hinges on prior bioactivation of the drug to a reactive intermediate and possesses profound clinical and toxicological implications due to its irreversible nature. Here, we investigated and confirmed that ERD inactivated both CYP3A isoforms in a time-, concentration-, and NADPH-dependent manner with KI, kinact, and partition ratio of 4.01 and 10.04 μM, 0.120 and 0.045 min-1, and 32 and 55 for both CYP3A4 and CYP3A5, respectively, when rivaroxaban was employed as the probe substrate. Co-incubation with an alternative substrate or direct inhibitor of CYP3A attenuated the rate of inactivation, whereas the addition of glutathione or catalase did not induce such protection. The lack of enzyme activity recovery following dialysis for 4 h and oxidation with potassium ferricyanide combined with the lack of a Soret peak in spectral scans collectively substantiated that ERD is an irreversible covalent MBI of CYP3A. Finally, glutathione trapping and high-resolution mass spectrometry experiments illuminated a plausible bioactivation mechanism of ERD by CYP3A arising from metabolic epoxidation of its quinoxaline ring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1800-1813
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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