Mechanical smoke exhaust for small retail shop fires

C. L. Shi, R. Huo, Wan Ki Chow, Y. Z. Li, B. Yao, Nai Kong Fong

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

The performance of mechanical smoke exhaust systems in a small retail shop fire will be evaluated. A series of full-scale burning tests will be carried out and the results will be justified by numerical experiments. A zone model has been developed to predict the fire growth in small retail shops with different equations on axisymmetric fire plume entrainment and spill plume. In addition to verifying the developed model, the results will also be compared with those predicted by another zone model CFAST (version 5.01) and a field or computational fluid dynamics model Fire Dynamics Simulator FDS code (version 3). The correlation between the mechanical exhaust rate and plume entrainment rate for keeping the smoke layer interface at a certain height under a steady burning fire will be analyzed. Further, the application of different plume correlations will be investigated. The effectiveness of mechanical exhaust in retail shop fires will be discussed and some factors affecting the system performance will be analyzed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy Conversion and Resources 2004
Subtitle of host publicationFuels and Combustion Technologies, Energy, Nuclear Engineering
Pages10-11
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004
Event2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2004 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: 13 Nov 200419 Nov 2004

Conference

Conference2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2004
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period13/11/0419/11/04

Keywords

  • Mechanical smoke exhaust
  • Plume correlation
  • Smoke outflow
  • Steady clear height of smoke layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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