Mechanical properties of lean duplex stainless steel at post-fire condition

Y. Huang, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018 Elsevier LtdThis paper reports an experimental investigation of the mechanical properties of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel after exposure to high temperatures up to 1000 °C. The test specimens were extracted from rectangular and square hollow sections that were cold-rolled from flat plates of lean duplex stainless steel. The mechanical properties, Young's modulus, yield strength, ultimate strength, Ramberg-osgood parameter and strain at ultimate strength of lean duplex stainless steel, are reported. The residual mechanical properties of steel materials are compared with the predicted values calculated by the existing equations. It is shown that the existing equations cannot provide accurate predictions for the post-fire mechanical properties of lean duplex stainless steel materials. Thus, a unified equation is proposed to predict residual mechanical properties for lean duplex stainless steel specimens in post-fire conditions. A constitutive model is also proposed to predict the stress-strain relationship of the test specimens after exposure to high temperatures up to 1000 °C. A reliability analysis was conducted for the proposed equation. The proposed equation compared favourably with the experimental results, and was found to be reliable for predicting lean duplex stainless steel mechanical properties after exposure to high temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-576
Number of pages13
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Lean duplex
  • Mechanical properties
  • Post-fire
  • Stainless steel
  • Stress-strain curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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