Measuring the up-to-date quality of online food delivery: formative index construction

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to fill this paucity of knowledge by exploring and formulating a formative index to measure the up-to-date quality of online food delivery (DEQUAL). The quality measurements for online food delivery have not been well recognized and even little is known after the COVID-19 outbreak. This study fills this paucity of knowledge by exploring and formulating a formative index to measure the up-to-date quality of online food delivery (DEQUAL). Design/methodology/approach: Owing to the explorative nature and the lack of developed quality theory under the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, DEQUAL is conceptualized as a formative construct. This study adopts a mixed-method approach including expert interviews and online surveys to ascertain the underlying structure of DEQUAL. Findings: Using partial least squares structural equation modeling as the analytical method, the results support that DEQUAL is a formative construct with 32 indicators. This study provides a measurement index with robust psychometric properties to assist practitioners in evaluating DEQUAL. Research limitations/implications: This study contributes a theoretical and empirical-based conceptualization of DEQUAL as a multi-dimensional construct. Supplementing the past studies which commonly applied the reflective approach, this study evinces that the formative approach is also appropriate and thence furnishes the relevance of the formative index in the service management theories. Practical implications: Practitioners are suggested to apply the validated indicators for service audit and customer relationship management. By systematically monitoring and measuring the online food delivery service quality, restaurants can improve customer satisfaction and loyalty. Originality/value: This study offers various insights to the service quality literature in the food delivery service context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4550-4568
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Formative index
  • Online food delivery
  • Service quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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