Measuring sound velocity based on acoustic resonance using multiple narrow band transducers

Na Li, Zihao Chen, Jiejun Zhu, Mi Hyun Choi, Jin Yang, Zhen Yuan, Lei Sun, Chunlong Fei, Zhihai Qiu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


The sound velocity in a medium is closely related to its material properties, including its composition, structure, density, pressure, and temperature. Various methods have been developed to determine the sound velocity through materials. Among them, a strategy based on ultrasound resonance frequency has been most widely used due to the simplicity. However, it requires a transducer with a wide bandwidth to cover enough resonance frequencies to perform the consequent calculations. In this paper, we develop a resonance method for measuring sound velocity, using multi-frequency narrow-band transducers breaking through the limitation of transducer bandwidth on the utilization of the resonance method. We use different transducers at different center frequencies and with different bandwidth to measure the sound velocity in 100-μm and 400-μm thick steel pieces. The measurement results of different combinations are in good agreement, verifying that the use of multi-frequency narrow-band transducer combinations. Given that most therapeutic transducers have a narrow bandwidth, this method can be used during intracranial ultrasound stimulation to optimize targeting by non-invasively measuring the sound velocity in the skull, especially at thinner locations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14227
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Multiple frequencies
  • Multiple ultrasound transducers
  • Resonance frequency
  • Sound velocity measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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