Measuring energy security performance within China: Toward an inter-provincial prospective

Long Zhang, Jing Yu, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Jingzheng Ren

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


This paper firstly develops a five-dimensional evaluation system centered on the energy security dimensions of availability and diversity, affordability and equality, technology and efficiency, environmental sustainability, and governance and innovation. It then correlates these dimensions to 20 distinct energy security metrics that are used to assess the energy security performance of 30 Chinese provinces, divided into eight regions. Our results reveal both trends in energy policy and practice as well as provincial status of comparative energy security for the year 2013. We find, for instance, that there is no province which performs well in all five of the energy security dimensions, and that all provinces confronted threats related to energy availability and diversity. We also demonstrate that in comparative terms, the Middle Reaches of Yellow River and the Northwest were the most energy-secure, while the Middle Reaches of Yangtze River and the Northeast were least energy-secure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-836
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • China
  • Energy policy
  • Multiple criteria decision making
  • Provincial energy security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)

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