Previous experimental studies have shown that the development of flow behind the trailing edge of a lobed forced mixer is greatly influenced by the formation of large-scale streamwise vortices. The main objective of the present study is to establish quantitatively the presence and role of the streamwise vortices in the mixing layer in the near field of a lobed forced mixer trailing edge. The near field was defined as the region within five wavelengths (of the trailing edge profile) from the trailing edge. A two-stream mixing layer with a velocity ratio of 0·6 was generated with initially turbulent boundary layers and nominally two-dimensional flow. Mean flow and turbulence measurements were made on fine cross-plane grids across the wake region and at several streamwise locations using a two-component laser-doppler anemometer. Production of turbulent kinetic energy existed in most parts of the near field enhancing the overall mixing process. The streamwise vortex development underwent a three-step process by which it was formed, intensified and quickly dissipated towards the end of the near field. The distance between two rows of streamwise vortices of alternate signs within a lobe reduced with downstream distance causing the amalgamation and annihilation of the vortices. Analysing this movement of vortices, based on inviscid vortex dynamics, suggested that the normal vortices shed at the trailing edge had actually provided a squeezing (pinched off) effect to two adjacent rows of streamwise vortices within a lobe, forcing them to interact with each other.
|Number of pages||9|
|Specialist publication||Aeronautical Journal|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering