Measurement structure of the coping strategies questionnaire-24 in a sample of individuals with musculoskeletal pain : a confirmatory factor analysis

C.Y. Chiu, J. Jochman, M. Fujikawa, D. Strand, Lai Ying Gladys Cheing, G. Lee, F. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Purpose: To examine the factorial structure of the Coping Strategy Questionnaire-24 (CSQ-24) in a sample of Canadians with chronic musculoskeletal pain.||Method: The sample included 171 workers' compensation clients (50.9% men) recruited from outpatient rehabilitation facilities in Canada. Mean age of participants was 42.45 years (SD = 9.87). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the factorial validity of the CSQ-24.||Results: CFA indicated that the respecified 4-factor model comprising 20-specific coping items provided the best fit between the model and data, with χ2/df = 2.009, CFI = 0.916, RMSEA = .077. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the 4 factors ranged from .80 to .86. The CSQ-24 correlated moderately in the predicted directions with pain intensity, activity interference, and depression, supporting its construct validity.||Conclusion: The CSQ-24 was found to measure the 4 coping strategy factors reported by Harland and Georgieff (2003). It demonstrated good internal consistency reliability and construct validity and can be used as a brief coping measure for chronic pain clients in clinical rehabilitation settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-90
Number of pages11
JournalRehabilitation research, policy, and education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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