Measurement of yarn twist based on backward light scattering and small-angle far-field diffraction

Z. G. Pei, Xiaoming Tao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a non-destructive, non-contact method for measuring the twist of a yarn based on light scattering and diffraction. The surface twist angle is measured by determining the direction of the line with the highest intensity on the backward light scattering pattern which is perpendicular to the surface fibers, which is verified by both theoretical analysis based on Beckmann's scattering model and experiments. The yarn diameter is measured with good accuracy by using the small-angle far-field diffraction pattern of the yarn body. Yarn twist is then derived from the measured surface twist angle and yarn diameter. Further studies reveal that the measured yarn twists by the proposed method are comparable to those measured based on microscopic images of the yarn. This method requires no high-magnification optics and is able to pick up short-term variations of twist with less labor intensity, indicating its potential application in the on-line measuring of yarn twist and its distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125005
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2015


  • Beckmanns scattering model
  • diffraction
  • light scattering
  • measurement
  • twist
  • yarn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Applied Mathematics


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