Maximum eigenvalue detection for local ionospheric anomaly - theory, cases, statistics, and potential application

Tong Liu, Yiping Jiang, Yongchao Ma, Zhibin Yu, Guochang Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


At low latitudes in China, local ionospheric anomalies are frequent and difficult to capture, posing positioning errors and safety risks to GNSS users. This leads to conservative error bounds in GNSS augmentation systems. For example, in Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS), the presence of under-sampled regions and the ionospheric instability at low latitudes can result in an over-conservative error bound, i.e., Grid Ionospheric Vertical Error (GIVE) with reduced availability. Ionospheric irregularity detectors could be used to exclude anomalies from the grid model to share the integrity risk and tighten the GIVE. The detection method needs to have theoretical validity and sensitivity to small local anomalies. However, current irregularity detectors are designed for Ionospheric Grid Point (IGP), dealing with wide-area spatial anomalies. The problem of decreased availability resulting from the over-conservative error bound caused by the frequent local ionospheric anomalies is unsolved, especially at low latitudes and the equatorial region. To further enhance the GNSS performance, the applicability analysis of a maximum eigenvalue-based ionospheric irregularity detector, which is sensitive to local-scale spatial anomalies, is presented. The detection capability of MED for ionospheric anomalies is demonstrated by theory, cases, statistics, and simulation applications. This method can also be used for ionospheric monitoring in geodesy or geophysics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111990
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022


  • GNSS
  • Grid Ionospheric Vertical Error (GIVE)
  • Ionospheric anomaly
  • Ionospheric irregularity detector
  • Maximum eigenvalue detection
  • Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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