Mathematical modelling of proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells and comparison with oxygen-ion-conducting counterpart

Meng Ni, M. K.H. Leung, D. Y.C. Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells (H-SOFC), using a proton-conducting electrolyte, potentially have higher maximum energy efficiency than conventional oxygen-ion-conducting solid oxide fuel cells (O-SOPC). It is important to theoretically study the current-voltage (J-V) characteristics in detail in order to facilitate advanced development of H-SOFC. In this investigation, a parametric modelling analysis was conducted. An electrochemical H-SOFC model was developed and it was validated as the simulation results agreed well with experimental data published in the literature. Subsequently, the analytical comparison between H-SOFC and O-SOFC was made to evaluate how the use of 1 different electrolytes could affect the SOFC performance. In addition to different ohmic overpotentials at the electrolyte, the concentration overpotentials of an H-SOFC were prominently different from those of an O-SOFC. H-SOFC had very low anode concentration overpotential but suffered seriously from high cathode concentration overpotential. The differences found indicated that H-SOFC possessed fuel cell characteristics different from conventional O-SOFC. Particular H-SOFC electrochemical modelling and parametric microstructural analysis are essential for the enhancement of H-SOFC performance. Further analysis of this investigation showed that the H-SOFC performance could be enhanced by increasing the gas transport in the cathode with high porosity, large pore size and low tortuosity. KGaA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-278
Number of pages10
JournalFuel Cells
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Mass transport
  • Overpotential losses
  • Porous media
  • Proton-conducting electrolyte
  • SOFC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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