Protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) are considered a potential and more efficient upgrade to conventional solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). This is predominantly due to their capacity to operate efficiently at low and intermediate temperatures and their quality of nonfuel dilution at the anode during operation. This review presents a detailed exposition of the material development strategies for the major components of PCFCs (i.e., electrolyte, cathode, and anode) and how they differ from the traditional SOFCs. Credible science backed recommendations for the synthesis and fabrication of PCFCs materials are discussed. In the end, the opportunities, challenges, and future directions for P-SOFCs are buttressed.
- protonic ceramic fuel cells
- solid oxide fuel cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology