Material properties and residual stresses of cold-formed high strength steel hollow sections

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Abstract This paper presents the experimental investigation on the material properties and residual stress distributions of cold-formed high strength steel hollow sections. The nominal yield stresses (0.2% proof stresses) of the hollow sections were 700, 900 and 1100 MPa. The sections were composed of 9 square hollow sections, 2 rectangular hollow sections and 6 circular hollow sections. 66 tensile coupons were tested to determine the modulus of elasticity, 0.2% tensile proof stress, ultimate tensile strength and elongation at fracture of the material. The results were also compared with the American, Australian and European standards. Based on the Ramberg-Osgood expression, a new constitutive model for high strength steel material is proposed. On three of the hollow sections, strength variation and cold-forming effect were studied by testing coupons extracted from different locations of the cross-sections. Residual stresses were also investigated both in longitudinal and transverse directions on three hollow sections using wire-cutting method. A total number of 82 longitudinal strips and 3 transverse rings were cut from the original sections.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4168
Pages (from-to)152-165
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Cold-formed steel
  • High strength steel
  • Hollow section
  • Material characterization
  • Residual stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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