Mass transfer of volatile organic compounds from painting material in a standard field and laboratory emission cell

L. Z. Zhang, Jianlei Niu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


The field and laboratory emission cell (FLEC) is becoming a standard method of characterizing pollutant emissions from building materials. It is significant to use the emission profiles from FLEC to scale the emissions of building materials in real buildings. The dynamics of mass transfer in such an FLEC are the key to perform this task. In this study, the mass transfer mechanisms of the total volatile organic compounds from a wet painting in an FLEC are experimentally and numerically investigated. A three-dimensional mass transfer model, which takes into account the convective mass transfer between the material and the air, the diffusion in the paint film and in the substrate, is developed. The emissions from a water-based emulsion paint are quantified to assess the model. The concentration fields in the film and substrate are calculated to demonstrate the processes of internal volatile organic compounds diffusion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2415-2423
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Field and laboratory emission cell (FLEC)
  • Indoor air quality
  • Mass transfer
  • VOCs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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