Mapping of the EORTC QLQ-C30 to EQ-5D-5L index in patients with lymphomas

Richard Huan Xu, Eliza Lai Yi Wong, Jun Jin, Ying Dou, Dong Dong (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: The objective of this study was to develop algorithms to map the EORTC QLQ-C30 (QLQ-C30) onto EQ-5D-5L in a sample of patients with lymphomas. Methods: An online nationwide survey of patients with lymphoma was carried out in China. Ordinary least squares (OLS), beta-based mixture, adjusted limited dependent variable mixture regression, and a Tobit regression model were used to develop the mapping algorithms. The QLQ-C30 subscales/items, their squared and interaction terms, and respondents’ demographic variables were used as independent variables. The root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), and R-squared (R2) were estimated based on tenfold cross-validation to assess the predictive ability of the selected models. Results: Data of 2222/4068 respondents who self-completed the online survey were elicited for analyses. The mean EQ-5D-5L index score was 0.81 (SD 0.21, range − 0.81–1.0). 19.98% of respondents reported an index score at 1.0. In total, 72 models were generated based on four regression methods. According to the RMSE, MAE and R2, the OLS model including QLQ-C30 subscales, squared terms, interaction terms, and demographic variables showed the best fit for overall and the Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma sample; for Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the ALDVMM with 1-component model, including QLQ-C30 subscales, squared terms, interaction terms, and demographic variables, showed a better fit than the other models. Conclusion: The mapping algorithms enable the EQ-5D-5L index scores to be predicted by QLQ-C30 subscale/item scores with good precision in patients living with lymphomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1373
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Health Economics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • China
  • EQ-5D-5L
  • Lymphoma
  • Mapping algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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