Manganese Exposure and Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Martin Ming Him Wong, Kwan Yi Chan, Kenneth Lo

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Manganese (Mn) is an essential element acting as a co-factor of superoxide dismutase, and it is potentially beneficial for cardiometabolic health by reducing oxidative stress. Although some studies have examined the relationship between Mn and metabolic syndrome (MetS), no systematic review and meta-analysis has been presented to summarize the evidence. Therefore, the present review examined the association between dietary and environmental Mn exposure, and MetS risk. A total of nine cross-sectional studies and three case-control studies were included, which assessed Mn from diet, serum, urine, and whole blood. The association of the highest Mn level from diet (three studies, odds ratio (OR): 0.83, 95% confidence interval (C.I.) = 0.57, 1.21), serum (two studies, OR: 0.87, 95% C.I. = 0.66, 1.14), urine (two studies, OR: 0.84, 95% C.I. = 0.59, 1.19), and whole blood (two studies, OR: 0.92, 95% C.I. = 0.53, 1.60) were insignificant, but some included studies have suggested a non-linear relationship of urinary and blood Mn with MetS, and higher dietary Mn may associate with a lower MetS risk in some of the included studies. While more evidence from prospective cohorts is needed, future studies should use novel statistical approaches to evaluate relative contribution of Mn on MetS risk along with other inter-related exposures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number825
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2022


  • Manganese
  • Meta-analysis
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Metal exposure
  • Micronutrient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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