Magnetorheological fluid dampers: A review on structure design and analysis

Xiaocong Zhu, Xingjian Jing, Li Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

313 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetorheological fluid technology has gained significant development during the past decades. The application of magnetorheological fluids has grown rapidly in civil engineering, safety engineering, transportation, and life science with the development of magnetorheological fluid-based devices, especially magnetorheological fluid dampers. The magnetorheological fluid dampers could offer an outstanding capability in semiactive vibration control due to excellent dynamical features such as fast response, environmentally robust characteristics, large force capacity, low power consumption, and simple interfaces between electronic input and mechanical output. To address the fast growing demand on magnetorheological fluid damping technology in extensive engineering practices, the state-of-the-art development is presented in this article, which provides a comprehensive review on the structure design and its analysis of magnetorheological fluid dampers (or systems). This can be regarded as a useful complement to several existing reviews in the recent literature on magnetorheological fluids technology, magnetorheological fluid applications, modeling of magnetorheological fluids and dampers, control strategies of magnetorheological fluid systems, and so on. The review begins with an introduction of the basic features and relevant applications of magnetorheological fluids. Then several basic structure design issues of magnetorheological fluid dampers are introduced. Following this, typical magnetorheological dampers are discussed according to the arrangement configurations of magnetorheological fluid cylinders and magnetorheological fluid control valves. Furthermore, reinforced structure designs of magnetorheological fluid dampers are provided, which focus on coil configuration, fluid resistance channel design, and electromagnetic design. Thereafter, design issues of magnetorheological fluid damper systems are discussed, which involves sensor-based magnetorheological fluid damper systems, self-powered magnetorheological fluid damper systems, fail-safe magnetorheological fluid damper systems, and integrated spring magnetorheological fluid damper systems. Importantly, to have a systematic quantitative viewpoint of the analysis and design of magnetorheological fluid dampers, the review ends with a summary of performance analysis issues, including performance specification, analytical modeling, parameter optimization, and so on.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-873
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012


  • dampers
  • magnetorheological fluids
  • structure design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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