Magnetic properties of Dy nanoparticles and Al2O3-coated Dy nanocapsules

X. G. Liu, Siu Wing Or, B. Li, Z. Q. Ou, L. Zhang, Q. Zhang, D. Y. Geng, F. Yang, D. Li, E. Brück, Z. D. Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Dy2O3-coated Dy nanoparticles and Al2O3-coated Dy nanocapsules, with Dy cores with the average size of 3.6 and 17.6 nm, respectively, are synthesized by arc-discharge technique. The transition from ferromagnetism to antiferromagnetism absents in the Dy nanoparticles, due to that its average core size of 3.6 nm is smaller than the helix period of Dy. The temperature of the superparamagnetism- antiferromagnetism transition in the Dy nanocapsules increases abnormally to 105 K, while the Néel temperature decreases to 150 K. The magnetic-entropy change (-ΔSm) of the Dy nanoparticles rapidly increases with decreasing temperature. For Al2O3-coated Dy nanocapsules, -ΔSmreaches 15.2 J kg-1K-1at 7.5 K, due to the existence of superparamagnetism, and a peak (5.2 J kg-1K-1) appears at 105 K due to the superparamgantism-antiferromagnetism transition, and -ΔSmexceeds 2 J kg-1K-1in the temperature range from 7.5 to 105 K, for a field change from 1 to 5 T.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1174
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011


  • Magnetic properties
  • Nanoparticles
  • Rare-earth metals
  • Size effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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