Magnetic negative stiffness dampers

Xiang Shi, Songye Zhu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)


This communication presents the design principle and experimental validation of two novel configurations of magnetic negative stiffness dampers (MNSDs), both of which are composed of several permanent magnets arranged in a conductive pipe. The MNSD, as a passive device, efficiently integrates negative stiffness and eddy-current damping in a simple and compact design, in which the negative stiffness behavior depends on the different arrangements of the permanent magnets. When applied to structural vibration control, passive MNSD may achieve a performance comparable with semi-active or active control in some applications. Laboratory experiments of small-scale prototypes successfully verified the proposed MNSD design concept.
Original languageEnglish
Article number072002
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • eddy current damping
  • magnetic negative stiffness damper
  • passive negative stiffness mechanism
  • vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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