Machine-Washable Textile Triboelectric Nanogenerators for Effective Human Respiratory Monitoring through Loom Weaving of Metallic Yarns

Zhizhen Zhao, Casey Yan, Zhaoxian Liu, Xiuli Fu, Lian Mao Peng, Youfan Hu, Zijian Zheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

190 Citations (Scopus)


Researchers report a rationally designed textile triboelectric nanogenerator (t-TENG), which is fabricated by direct weaving of Cu-coated polyethylene terephthalate (Cu-PET) warp yarns and polyimide (PI)-coated Cu-PET (PI-Cu-PET) weft yarns on an industrial sample weaving loom. The new device takes fully the advantage of woven structure, and upon subtle deformation of the device by tapping or bending, the contact area at each yarn crisscross intersection changes to result in an effective generation of triboelectric charges. The researchers integrate the as-made t-TENG into a chest strap to monitor human respiratory information including rate and depth to demonstrate the superior sensitivity of this device to subtle human body motions. the as-made t-TENG shows a remarkable washing durability, which can withstand standard machine washing tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10267-10274
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number46
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • loom weaving
  • machine-washable
  • respiratory monitoring
  • textile triboelectric nanogenerator
  • wearable technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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