Machine learning exploration of the critical factors for CO2 adsorption capacity on porous carbon materials at different pressures

Xinzhe Zhu, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Lei Wang, Zhishan Su, Deyi Hou, Liangchun Li, Jin Shang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growing environmental issues caused by CO2 emission accelerate the development of carbon capture and storage (CCS), especially bio-energy CCS as an environment-friendly and sustainable technique to capture CO2 using porous carbon materials (PCMs) produced from various biomass wastes. This study developed quantitative structure-property relationship models based on 6244 CO2 adsorption datasets of 155 PCMs to predict the CO2 adsorption capacity and analyze the relative significance of physicochemical properties. The results suggested that random forest (RF) models showed good accuracy and predictive performance based on physicochemical parameters of PCMs and adsorption conditions with the test dataset (R2 > 0.9). In general, textural properties were more crucial than chemical compositions of porous carbons to the change of CO2 adsorption capacity. At a low pressure (0.1 bar), the volumes of mesopore and micropore played an important role according to the RF analysis, but had a negative correlation with CO2 adsorption capacity based on the Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) analysis. The relative importance of ultra-micropore increased along with the increase of pressure. The PCC value between ultra-micropore volume and CO2 uptake amount was up to 0.715 (p < 0.01) at 1 bar and 0 °C. The influence of chemical compositions was complex. The N content was confirmed to positively correlate to the CO2 adsorption capacity but its contribution was much lower than that of ultra-micropores. This study provided a new approach for fostering the rational design of porous carbons for CO2 capture via statistical analysis and machine learning method, which facilitated adsorbents screening for the cleaner production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122915
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume273
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Biomass utilization
  • Carbon adsorbents
  • CO sequestration
  • Low-carbon development
  • Sustainable waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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