Luminescent Three- and Four-Coordinate Dinuclear Copper(I) Complexes Triply Bridged by Bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and Functionalized 3-(2′-Pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole Ligands

Li Hua He, Yan Sheng Luo, Bao Sheng Di, Jing Lin Chen, Cheuk Lam Ho, He Rui Wen, Sui Jun Liu, Jin Yun Wang, Wai Yeung Wong

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29 Citations (Scopus)


A new series of bimetallic Cu(I) complexes 1-5 triply bridged by a monoanionic or charge-neutral functionalized 3-(2′-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole in a μ-η1(N), η2(N,N) tridentate binding mode and two bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm) ligands have been synthesized. Complexes 1-5 are singly or doubly charged dinuclear Cu(I) species with an eight-membered Cu2C2P4ring of {Cu(μ-dppm)2Cu} unit, in which 3 and 4 adopt the boat-boat conformation, while 1, 2, and 5 display the chair-boat form. In these dimeric copper(I) complex cations, one of the two Cu(I) ions is four-coordinated, in a highly distorted N2P2tetrahedral environment and the other is three-coordinated, in a distorted NP2trigonal planar arrangement. All these Cu(I) complexes exhibit a comparatively weak low-energy absorption in CH2Cl2solution, ascribed to the charge-transfer transitions with appreciable1MLCT contribution, as suggested by time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) analyses. Complexes 1-5 display good emission properties in both solution and solid states at ambient temperature, which are well-modulated via structural modification of 3-(2′-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole, including the alteration of the substituent type (-CF3, -H, -CH3, and -C(CH3)3) and position (ortho-, meta-, and para-position). Furthermore, the variation of the substituent (-CF3and -C(CH3)3) on the 5-site of the 1,2,4-triazolyl ring markedly influences the proton activity of the 1,2,4-triazolyl-NH, thus leading to the formation of both singly and doubly charged bimetallic Cu(I) species regulated by the NH ↔ N-conversion, resulting from NH deprotonation of the 1,2,4-triazolyl ring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10311-10324
Number of pages14
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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