Low-latency compression of mocap data using learned spatial decorrelation transform

Junhui Hou, Lap Pui Chau, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Ying He

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the growing needs of motion capture (mocap) in movie, video games, sports, etc., it is highly desired to compress mocap data for efficient storage and transmission. Unfortunately, the existing compression methods have either high latency or poor compression performance, making them less appealing for time-critical applications and/or network with limited bandwidth. This paper presents two efficient methods to compress mocap data with low latency. The first method processes the data in a frame-by-frame manner so that it is ideal for mocap data streaming. The second one is clip-oriented and provides a flexible trade-off between latency and compression performance. It can achieve higher compression performance while keeping the latency fairly low and controllable. Observing that mocap data exhibits some unique spatial characteristics, we learn an orthogonal transform to reduce the spatial redundancy. We formulate the learning problem as the least square of reconstruction error regularized by orthogonality and sparsity, and solve it via alternating iteration. We also adopt a predictive coding and temporal DCT for temporal decorrelation in the frame- and clip-oriented methods, respectively. Experimental results show that the proposed methods can produce higher compression performance at lower computational cost and latency than the state-of-the-art methods. Moreover, our methods are general and applicable to various types of mocap data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-225
Number of pages15
JournalComputer Aided Geometric Design
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Data compression
  • Low latency
  • Motion capture
  • Optimization
  • Transform coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Low-latency compression of mocap data using learned spatial decorrelation transform'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this