Lossless In-Network Processing in WSNs for Domain-Specific Monitoring Applications

Peng Guo, Jiannong Cao, Xuefeng Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Internet of things (IOT) is emerging as sensing paradigms in many domain-specific monitoring applications in smart cities, such as structural health monitoring (SHM) and smart grid monitoring. Due to the large size of the monitoring objects (e.g., civil structure or the power grid), plenty of sensors need to be deployed and organized to be a large scale of multihop wireless sensor networks (WSNs), which tends to have quite high transmission cost. In-network processing is an efficient way to reduce the transmission cost in WSNs. However, implementing in-network processing for above domain-specific monitoring usually requires to losslessly distribute a dedicate domain-specific algorithm into WSNs, which is much different from most existing in-network processing works. This paper conducts a case study of a classic centralized SHM algorithm, i.e., eigensystem realization algorithm (ERA), and shows how to losslessly and optimally in-network process ERA, especially the typical feature extraction method, i.e., that is singular value decomposition (SVD) therein, in a WSN. Based on whether the intermediate data can be processed together or not by sensor nodes, we respectively implement tree-based in-network processing of SVD and chain-based in-network processing of SVD in WSNs. We prove that using an appropriate shallow light tree as routes for tree-based in-network processing of SVD, can achieve the approximation ratio ${\text{1}}+\sqrt{2}$ (in terms of transmission cost), while for the chain-based in-network processing of SVD, we design two efficient heuristic algorithms for searching the optimal routes. Extensive simulation results validate the efficiency of these proposed schemes that are customized for SVD-based IOT applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7893745
Pages (from-to)2130-2139
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • In-network processing
  • matrix computation
  • routing scheme
  • wireless sensor network (WSN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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