Longitudinal Development of Segmental Trunk Control in Full Term and Preterm Infants- a Pilot Study: Part I

Tamis W. Pin (Corresponding Author), Penelope B. Butler, Hon Ming Cheung, Sandra Lai Fong Shum

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: No previous study examined trunk control development in preterm infants. The present study examined the longitudinal development of segmental trunk control from 4 to 12 months of (corrected) age in preterm infants in comparison with full-term infants. Methods: Thirty-one preterm infants and 30 full-term infants were recruited. All infants were tested monthly using the Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale at 4, 8 and 12 months of age. Results: Segmental trunk control development was significantly delayed in the preterm infants. Statistically significant positive correlations were found between trunk control status and gross motor skills. Conclusion: This was first study showing that segmental trunk control development was significantly different in preterm infants. Segmental trunk control and gross motor performance were coupled in young infants. A dual focus on training upright trunk control and specific motor skills may maximise therapy outcomes for infants with motor delay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Neurorehabilitation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2020


  • child development
  • Infant
  • motor skills
  • postural balance
  • premature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Rehabilitation
  • Developmental Neuroscience


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