Long-term variation and evaluation of air quality across Hong Kong

Yan Tan, Shuwen Han, Yi Chen, Zhongbiao Wu, Shun cheng Lee (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Study of Air Quality Objectives (AQOs) and long-term changes of air pollution plays a decisive role in formulating and refining pollution control strategies. In this study, 10-year variations of six major air pollutants were analyzed at seven monitoring sites in Hong Kong. The continuous decrease of annual averaged concentrations of NO2, SO2, CO, PM2.5 and PM10 and numbers of days with severe pollution conditions validated the efficiency of the series of air pollution control schemes implemented by the Hong Kong government. However, there is still a big gap to meet the ultimate targets described by the World Health Organization. Besides, the concentration of O3 at roadside and urban stations increased by 135% ± 25% and 37% ± 18% from 2011 to 2020, respectively, meanwhile the highest 8 hr averaged O3 concentration was observed as 294 µg/m3 at background station in 2020, which pointed out the increasing ozone pollution in Hong Kong. There was a great decrease in the annual times of air quality health index (AQHI) laying in “high”, “very high” and “serious” categories from 2011 to 2020 with the decrease rate of 89.70%, 91.30% and 89.74% at roadside stations, and 79.03%, 95.98% and 72.73% at urban stations, respectively. Nevertheless, the number of days categorized as “high” or above at roadside station was twice more than that in the urban station during the past ten years. Thus, more policies and attentions should be given to the roadside air quality and its adverse health effect to pedestrians on street.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-294
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • Air quality health index (AQHI)
  • Air Quality Objectives (AQO)
  • Hong Kong air quality
  • Long-term variation
  • Roadside

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Environmental Science


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