Locally Weighted Discriminant Analysis for Hyperspectral Image Classification

Xiaoyan Li, Lefei Zhang, Jia You

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

A hyperspectral image (HSI) contains a great number of spectral bands for each pixel, which will limit the conventional image classification methods to distinguish land-cover types of each pixel. Dimensionality reduction is an effective way to improve the performance of classification. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a popular dimensionality reduction method for HSI classification, which assumes all the samples obey the same distribution. However, different samples may have different contributions in the computation of scatter matrices. To address the problem of feature redundancy, a new supervised HSI classification method based on locally weighted discriminant analysis (LWDA) is presented. The proposed LWDA method constructs a weighted discriminant scatter matrix model and an optimal projection matrix model for each training sample, which is on the basis of discriminant information and spatial-spectral information. For each test sample, LWDA searches its nearest training sample with spatial information and then uses the corresponding projection matrix to project the test sample and all the training samples into a low-dimensional feature space. LWDA can effectively preserve the spatial-spectral local structures of the original HSI data and improve the discriminating power of the projected data for the final classification. Experimental results on two real-world HSI datasets show the effectiveness of the proposed LWDA method compared with some state-of-the-art algorithms. Especially when the data partition factor is small, i.e., 0.05, the overall accuracy obtained by LWDA increases by about 20% for Indian Pines and 17% for Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in comparison with the results obtained when directly using the original high-dimensional data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

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