Lignin valorization by bacterial genus Pseudomonas: State-of-the-art review and prospects

Manish Kumar, Siming You, Jingzi Beiyuan, Gang Luo, Juhi Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Lal Singh, Shicheng Zhang, Daniel C.W. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The most prominent aromatic feedstock on Earth is lignin, however, lignin valorization is still an underrated subject. The principal preparatory strategies for lignin valorization are fragmentation and depolymerization which help in the production of fuels and chemicals. Owing to lignin's structural heterogeneity, these strategies result in product generation which requires tedious separation and purification to extract target products. The bacterial genus Pseudomonas has been dominant for its lignin valorization potency, owing to a robust enzymatic machinery that is used to funnel variable lignin derivatives into certain target products such as polyhydroxyalkanotes (PHAs) and cis, cis-muconic acid (MA). In this review, the potential of genus Pseudomonas in lignin valorization is critically reviewed along with the advanced genetic techniques and tools to ease the use of lignin/lignin-model compounds for the synthesis of bioproducts. This review also highlights the research gaps in lignin biovalorization and discuss the challenges and possibilities for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124412
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Biovalorization
  • Enzymatic conversion
  • Lignin biorefinery
  • Metabolic engineering
  • Pseudomonas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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