This article analyzes the lightning transients in a commercial building with a grid like structure. The simulation is performed by using the partial element equivalent circuit method. Both the skin effect of the conductors and the nonlinear protection devices are taken into consideration. The induced voltage and the current sharing in the wiring system of both rising main circuit and secondary circuit are discussed. The influence of soil resistivity, lightning current waveform, different surge protection devices (SPDs) installations, and equipotential bonding are analyzed in this article. According to the simulation results, the soil resistivity can largely influence the potential of the conductor; however, it has a limited influence on the voltage between electric wires (potential difference). The SPDs installation arrangement and the equipotential bonding position in the building can greatly influence the lightning transients. The overvoltage and current can largely reduce if they are installed at a proper position. The suggestions provided in this article are constructive while designing the lightning protection system in buildings.
- induced voltage
- lightning protection
- transient analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering