Life cycle design of fully bio-based poly(lactic acid) composites with high flame retardancy, UV resistance, and degradation capacity

Shuang Qiu, Jun Sun, Yuchun Li, Tao Zhu, Hongfei Li, Xiaoyu Gu, Bin Fei, Sheng Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polylactic acid (PLA) is flammable, susceptible to UV light, and slow during degradation in nature, which limits the expansion of its application fields. Herein, a multifunctional bioderived additive (PA@TA-CS) was prepared by free radical grafting reaction between chitosan (CS) and tannic acid (TA) with the coating of phytic acid (PA) to achieve an all-round improvement of PLA. Only 3%PA@TA-CS in PLA increased the LOI value to 26.9%, upgraded the UL-94 level to V-0, and blocked nearly 99% UV light. In addition, by the presence of PA@TA-CS, the degree of molecular chain scission caused by hydrolysis and microbial degradation was significantly intensified. This work inherited the idea of returning to nature from nature and provided an effective strategy for extending the service life of bioplastics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132165
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume360
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Biopolymer
  • Environmental degradation
  • Flame retardancy
  • UV resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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