Learning support correlation filters for visual tracking

Wangmeng Zuo, Xiaohe Wu, Liang Lin, Lei Zhang, Ming Hsuan Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


For visual tracking methods based on kernel support vector machines (SVMs), data sampling is usually adopted to reduce the computational cost in training. In addition, budgeting of support vectors is required for computational efficiency. Instead of sampling and budgeting, recently the circulant matrix formed by dense sampling of translated image patches has been utilized in kernel correlation filters for fast tracking. In this paper, we derive an equivalent formulation of a SVM model with the circulant matrix expression and present an efficient alternating optimization method for visual tracking. We incorporate the discrete Fourier transform with the proposed alternating optimization process, and pose the tracking problem as an iterative learning of support correlation filters (SCFs). In the fully-supervision setting, our SCF can find the globally optimal solution with real-time performance. For a given circulant data matrix with n 2 samples of n ×n pixels, the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is O(n 2 logn) whereas that of the standard SVM-based approaches is at least O(n 4 ). In addition, we extend the SCF-based tracking algorithm with multi-channel features, kernel functions, and scale-adaptive approaches to further improve the tracking performance. Experimental results on a large benchmark dataset show that the proposed SCF-based algorithms perform favorably against the state-of-the-art tracking methods in terms of accuracy and speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8344564
Pages (from-to)1158-1172
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • correlation filters
  • max-margin learning
  • support vector machine
  • Visual tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applied Mathematics


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