Laser surfacing of S31603 stainless steel with engineering ceramics for cavitation erosion resistance

F. T. Cheng, C. T. Kwok, Hau Chung Man

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


As a preliminary study on incorporating ceramic particles into stainless steels for improving cavitation erosion resistance, ceramic-reinforced coatings were fabricated on austenitic stainless steel UNS S31603 using a laser surfacing technique. Ceramic powders, including WC, Cr3C2, SiC, TiC, CrB2and Cr2O3, were used to produce surface metal matrix composites (MMCs) with high volume fractions of reinforcement. The powders were pasted on the surface of UNS S31603 first, followed by surface melting using a high power laser. The microstructures and structures of the surfaces were analyzed. The cavitation erosion characteristics of the surface-modified specimens in 3.5% NaCl solution at 23°C were studied by means of a 20-kHz ultrasonic vibrator at a peak-to-peak amplitude of 30 μm. The cavitation erosion resistance Reof all the laser-modified specimens was improved, except for the case of Cr2O3, with the improvement depending on the microstructure formed. The Reof surface MMCs reinforced with CrB2, WC and TiC increased to 9.4, 8.5 and 1.7 times that of monolithic S31603, respectively. For the specimens modified with Cr3C2and SiC, a eutectic mixture of austenite and carbides or silicide was formed and the Rewas increased by a factor of 4.8 and 2, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-24
Number of pages11
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2001


  • Austenitic stainless steel
  • Cavitation erosion
  • Ceramics
  • Laser surface modification
  • Surface metal matrix composite M MC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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