An ion-beam technique has been employed to fabricate nanoscale needlelike structures in ZnO thin films on silicon and plastic substrates at room temperature. The ZnO nanoneedles showed a single-crystalline wurtzite structure, the stem of which was around 100 nm in diameter. The sharp tips of the nanoneedles exhibited an apex angle of 20° as measured by transmission electron microscopy. Room-temperature ultraviolet random lasing action was observed in the ZnO nanoneedle arrays under 355 nm optical excitation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)