Largely Color-Tuning Prompt and Delayed Fluorescence: Dinuclear Cu(I) Halide Complexes with tert-Amines and Phosphines

Ke Xu, Bu Lin Chen, Fei Yang, Li Liu, Xin Xin Zhong, Lei Wang, Xun Jin Zhu, Fa Bao Li, Wai Yeung Wong (Corresponding Author), Hai Mei Qin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Luminescent copper(I) halide complexes with bi- and tridentate rigid ligands have gained wide research interests. In this paper, six tetracoordinate dinuclear copper(I) halide complexes, Cu2X2(ppda)2 [ppda = 2-[2-(dimethylamino)phenyl(phenyl)phosphino]-N,N-dimethylaniline, X = I (1), Br (2), Cl (3)] and Cu2X2(pfda)2 [pfda = 2-[2-(dimethylamino)-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl(phenyl)phosphino]-N,N-dimethyl-5-trifluoromethylaniline, X = I (4), Br (5), Cl (6)], were successfully prepared and systematically characterized on their structures and photophysical properties. Complexes 1-5 have a centrosymmetric form with a planar Cu2X2 unit, and complex 6 has a mirror symmetry form with a butterfly-shaped Cu2X2. Solid complexes 1, 4, and 5 emit delayed fluorescence at room temperature, intense blue to greenish yellow (λmax = 443-570 nm) light, and their peak wavelengths are located at 443-570 nm with microsecond lifetimes (τ = 0.4-19.2 μs, φPL = 0.05-0.48). Complexes 2, 3, and 6 show prompt fluorescence, very weak yellowish green to yellow (λmax = 534-595 nm) emission with peak wavelengths at 534-595 nm, and lifetimes in nanoseconds (τ = 4.4-9.3 ns, φPL < 0.0001). (Metal + halide) to ligand and intraligand charge transitions are the main origin of the emission of the complexes. Solution-processed, complex-4-based nondoped and doped devices emit yellow green light with CIE coordinated at (0.41, 0.51), a maximum EQE up to 0.17%, and luminance reaching 75.52 cd/m2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4841-4851
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Largely Color-Tuning Prompt and Delayed Fluorescence: Dinuclear Cu(I) Halide Complexes with tert-Amines and Phosphines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this