Laminar burning velocities, Markstein lengths, and flame thickness of liquefied petroleum gas with hydrogen enrichment

J. Miao, Chun Wah Leung, Zuohua Huang, Chun Shun Cheung, Huibin Yu, Yongliang Xie

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, experimental data of laminar burning velocity, Markstein length, and flame thickness of LPG flames with various percentages of hydrogen (H2) enrichments have been presented. The experiments were conducted under the conditions of 0.1 MPa, 300 K in a constant volume chamber. The tested equivalence ratios of air/fuel mixture range from 0.6 to 1.5, and the examined LPG contains 10%-90% of hydrogen in volume. Experimental results show that hydrogen addition significantly increase the laminar burning velocity of LPG, and the accelerating effectiveness is substantial when the percentage of hydrogen is larger than 60%. Effect of hydrogen addition on diffusion thermal instability, as indicated by Markstein length, was analyzed at various equivalence ratios. Hydrogen addition decreases the flame thickness. Equivalence ratio has more dominating effect on flame thickness than hydrogen does. For the fuel with 10% LPG and 90% hydrogen, the flame thickness values are close for all equivalence ratios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13020-13030
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2014


  • Constant volume combustion bomb
  • Flame thickness
  • Hydrogen
  • Laminar burning velocity
  • Liquefied petroleum gas
  • Markstein length

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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