Label-free detection of bovine serum albumin based on an in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometric biosensor

Zhengyong Li, Changrui Liao, Danni Chen, Jun Song, Wei Jin, Gang Ding Peng, Feng Zhu, Ying Wang, Jun He, Yiping Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


We propose and experimentally verify an innovative label-free optical fiber biosensor based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer for bovine serum albumin (BSA) concentration detection. The proposed fiber biosensor utilized a micro-cavity within a single-mode fiber to induce Mach-Zehnder interference. A remarkable feature of this biosensor is that external media can directly interact with the fiber core signal through microfluidic channels connected to the micro-cavity and sensor surface. The device was fabricated by means of femtosecond laser micromachining and chemical etching. A fiber interferometer of this type exhibits an ultrahigh refractive index sensitivity of −10,055 nm/RIU and a detection limit of 3.5 × 10−5RIU. Different concentrations of BSA with an infinitesimally small refractive index difference can be clearly differentiated in situ by the interferential spectra of the structure. Experiments demonstrated the biosensor exhibited a BSA solution concentration sensitivity of −38.9 nm/(mg/mL) and a detection limit of 2.57 × 10−4mg/mL, respectively. Moreover, this biosensor is a sub-microliter dose and ultrasensitive at the low concentrations detected in BSA, which make it a promising for biochemical applications such as DNA hybridization, cancer screenings, medicine examination and environmental engineering, etc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17105-17113
Number of pages9
JournalOptics Express
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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