Joint space-time analyticity of mild solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations

Cong Wang, Yu Gao, Xiaoping Xue

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we show the optimal decay rate estimates of the space-time derivatives and the joint space-time analyticity of solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations. As it is known from the Hartogs's theorem, for a complex function with two complex variables, the joint analyticity with respect to two variables can be derived from combining of analyticity with respect to each variable. However, as a function of two real variables for space and time, the joint space-time analyticity of solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations cannot be directly obtained from the combination of space analyticity and time analyticity. Our result seems to be the first quantitative result for the joint space-time analyticity of solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations, and the proof only involves real variable methods. Moreover, the decay rate estimates also yield the bounds on the growth (in time) of radius of space analyticity, time analyticity, and joint space-time analyticity of solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126428
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications
Volume515
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Bootstrapping argument
  • Quantitative estimate
  • Radius of analyticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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