Joint image encryption and compression schemes based on 16 × 16 DCT

Peiya Li, Kwok Tung Lo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Joint image encryption and compression schemes have shown their great potential values in protecting compressed images. To achieve the protection, a trade-off between encryption power and compression ability needs to be considered. In this paper, we propose two new joint encryption and compression schemes, where one scheme emphasizes compression performance, another highlights protection performance. For a given plain-image, we first raster scan it into non-overlapping 16 × 16 blocks, then apply various encryption techniques to it. In the first scheme, encryption operations are conducted at the transformation stage and quantization stage of JPEG. As for the second scheme, we add the run/size and value (RSV) pairs’ shuffling operation at JPEG's entropy coding stage after first scheme's encryption operations. Performance evaluations using various criteria are conducted to show that the first scheme has better compression efficiency, while the second scheme has better defense ability against the statistical attack.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-24
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • 16 × 16 DCT
  • Image encryption
  • JPEG compression
  • Statistical attack

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Joint image encryption and compression schemes based on 16 × 16 DCT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this